401 Unauthorized and 400 Bad Request from Sonatype Nexus in SBT


401 Unauthorized and 400 Bad Request in Sonatype Nexus OSS

Today I was searching for a artifact repository to use in development, and was evaluating Sonatype's Nexus. Besides the fantastic documentation, the application itself seemed to have a good community supporting it. So, I decided to download and give it a try. It was easy to follow the installation manual and within 5 minutes I had everything installed and was ready to rumble. Here's a couple notes:

  1. Don't run Nexus as root. It's a security issue. Make a user for them instead, or run it as your user in a home folder somewhere.
  2. Read through the documentation, at least the first few chapters to get the concepts down.
  3. Change the default passwords if this isn't a local nexus and can be reached within a network

Working with SBT was what I was interested in, and luckily Nexus has a chapter specifically on just that. Which got me mostly up and running. My build file ended up looking like this:

organization := "test"

name := "thing"

version := "0.0.1"

scalaVersion := "2.10.3"

scalacOptions += "-deprecation"

libraryDependencies <+= (scalaVersion)("org.scala-lang" % "scala-compiler" % _)

resolvers += "Nexus" at "http://localhost:8081/nexus/content/groups/public"

credentials += Credentials(Path.userHome / ".ivy2" / ".credentials")

publishTo <<= version { v: String =>
  val nexus = "http://localhost:8081/nexus/"
  if (v.trim.endsWith("SNAPSHOT"))
    Some("snapshots" at nexus + "content/repositories/snapshots")
    Some("releases" at nexus + "content/repositories/releases")

With a .ivy2/.credentials file:

realm=Sonatype Nexus Repository Manager

I spent a lot longer than my initial 5 minutes on trying to get the publish task in sbt to run though. I kept getting:

> publish
[info] Wrote /Users/eeldridg/Sites/thing/target/scala-2.10/thing_2.10-0.0.1.pom
[info] :: delivering :: test#thing_2.10;0.0.1 :: 0.0.1 :: release :: Thu Jul 02 11:56:02 EDT 2015
[info]     delivering ivy file to /Users/eeldridg/Sites/thing/target/scala-2.10/ivy-0.0.1.xml
[trace] Stack trace suppressed: run last *:publish for the full output.
[error] (*:publish) java.io.IOException: Access to URL http://localhost:8081/nexus/content/repositories/releases/test/thing_2.10/0.0.1/thing_2.10-0.0.1.pom was refused by the server: Unauthorized
[error] Total time: 0 s, completed Jul 2, 2015 11:56:03 AM

And after looking through a few posts on the web I finally got my Realm right by checking the headers via curl.

curl -I -XPOST http://localhost:8081/nexus/content/repositories/releases/test/thing_2.10/0.0.1/drupalslick_2.10-0.0.1.pom -v > /dev/null 

During this process I also tried out

curl -u admin:admin123 -I -XPOST http://localhost:8081/nexus/content/repositories/releases/test/thing_2.10/0.0.1/drupalslick_2.10-0.0.1.pom -v > /dev/null 

Which returned successful, so I figure'd there wasn't an issue with my setup. However, a few minutes later of messing with the realm settings and credentials in SBT, I started getting a 400 error instead. By this point, I had all my loggers on Nexus turned up to maximum and was viewing errors like

2015-07-02 12:22:35,208-0400 DEBUG [qtp2141807259-51] anonymous org.apache.shiro.web.filter.authc.BasicHttpAuthenticationFilter - Authentication required: sending 401 Authentication challenge response.
2015-07-02 12:22:51,885-0400 DEBUG [qtp2141807259-54] *UNKNOWN org.apache.shiro.web.filter.authc.BasicHttpAuthenticationFilter - Attempting to execute login with headers [Basic YWRtaW46YWRtaW4xMjM=]

But wasn't seeing the 400. So instead, I turned towards the ever trusty tool: tcpdump! Since I couldn't see the request on the Nexus side, I decided to watch what was happening on the SBT side.

 sudo tcpdump -i lo0 -n -s 0 -w - 

And hitting publish one more time from the SBT CLI immediately got me the answer:

?!~/?!xHTTP/1.1 400 Bad Request
Date: Thu, 02 Jul 2015 16:23:05 GMT
Server: Nexus/2.11.3-01
X-Frame-Options: SAMEORIGIN
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
Accept-Ranges: bytes
Content-Type: text/html
Transfer-Encoding: chunked

    <title>400 - Repository with ID='releases' does not allow updating artifacts.</title>
    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"/>

    <link rel="icon" type="image/png" href="http://localhost:8081/nexus/favicon.png">
    <!--[if IE]>
    <link rel="SHORTCUT ICON" href="http://localhost:8081/nexus/favicon.ico"/>

    <link rel="stylesheet" href="http://localhost:8081/nexus/static/css/Sonatype-content.css?2.11.3-01" type="text/css" media="screen" title="no title" charset="utf-8">
    <h1>400 - Repository with ID='releases' does not allow updating artifacts.</h1>
    <p>Repository with ID='releases' does not allow updating artifacts.</p>

Derp! Of course I was getting a 400, since I wasn't versioning with a Snapshot, the deployment policy on Nexus was refusing to change the empty POST request I had sent when testing with curl. That's an easy fix in nexus though:

So let this be a helpful reminder to anyone else: Don't test a repository configuration with the release branch!

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